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Copyright © 2016 by the American Thoracic Society

1336 American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine Volume 193 Number 12 | June 15 2016

EDITORIALS

9. Charles C, Whelan T, Gafni A. What do we mean by partnership in making decisions about treatment? BMJ 1999;319:780–782.

10. Heyland DK, Cook DJ, Rocker GM, Dodek PM, Kutsogiannis DJ, Peters S, Tranmer JE, O’Callaghan CJ. Decision-making in the ICU: perspectives of the substitute decision-maker. Intensive Care Med 2003;29:75–82.

11. Anderson WG, Arnold RM, Angus DC, Bryce CL. Passive decision- making preference is associated with anxiety and depression in relatives of patients in the intensive care unit. J Crit Care 2009;24: 249–254.

12. Johnson SK, Bautista CA, Hong SY, Weissfeld L, White DB. An empirical study of surrogates’ preferred level of control over value- laden life support decisions in intensive care units. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2011;183:915–921.