6) S.Z Re: Topic 3 DQ 2
The universal Healthcare model was created by Bismarck in Germany, who enacted social legislation between 1881 and 1889. This program created many benefits to help families and children around the world. One of the benefits of this plan is a mixed model plan designed to ensure that everyone has access to health care. Bismarck and Beveridge's model has had a lasting impact in most European countries. All European countries have gradually extended universal health care to cover almost all citizens. Since the implementation of the CMU (Universal Health Cover), the system in France, for example, guarantees everyone access to medical care. Employment no longer determines the possibility of access to medical care as in theory. But the method of financing has not been called into question. In all of the countries affected by the UK model, funding comes mainly from taxation. One of the challenges of universal health coverage is the lack of health services in rural communities. It is difficult for regions like this to attract medical personnel. In addition, the nearest medical facilities are several kilometers apart, making it difficult for people living in rural areas to get around without transportation. In establishing and managing hospitals and doctors, the responsibility for providing medical services in rural areas is usually left to local governments, the private sector or other agencies. Office (Ikegami, 2014). Therefore, limited funds may prevent these areas from accessing the medical services of available physicians.
https://www.thalesgroup.com/en/markets/digital-identity-and-security/government/health/universal-health-care https://www.who.int/health-topics/universal-health-coverage#tab=tab_1 Ikegami, Naoki. 2014. Universal health coverage for inclusive and sustainable development
7) C.A Re: Topic 3 DQ 2
Universal health care like other things have pros and cons. One benefit is that everyone will be covered and have medical care, equally. Administrative and the overall of health care costs would be at a lower cost. The services would be standardized (not sure if this is a good thing or bad thing). Another benefit of a universal health care would be increasing opportunities for preventive health initiatives.
One challenge of universal health coverage is the wait times. Waiting times to see a doctor right now in these days are long waits, all so you can only spend about 10-15 minutes with the doctor, if that. With universal health care this will most likely change for the worse. “Common arguments against universal healthcare include the potential for general system inefficiency, including lengthy wait-times for patients”. (ncbi.nlm.nih.gov). Emergency rooms see patient’s depending on their health emergency. Not to mention that with universal health care hospitals would be crowded. The overall quality and variety of care declines.
DiPrete Brown, L. (Ed.). (2018). Foundations for global health practice. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. ISBN-13: 9781118505564.URL: https://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/wiley-and-sons/2018/foundations-for-global-health-practice_1e.php
Zieff, G., Kerr, Z. Y., Moore, J. B., & Stoner, L. (2020). Universal Healthcare in the United States of America: A Healthy Debate. Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania), 56(11), 580. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina56110580
8) L.D Re: Topic 3 DQ 2
Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is a government program that provides essential, quality health services to everyone. It does not require financial hardship to receive them. (WHO, 2021) One benefit of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is that it emphasizes the various aspects of a healthcare system, including how it is funded, managed, and delivered. This concept is needed to improve the quality of services and reduce costs. One Challenge would be that Universal health care or UHC is a political concept often debated in global health governance. It refers to the relative importance of various global health initiatives in addressing the disease burden. (Greer, S. L., & Méndez, C. A.,2015)
Universal Health care is a realistic policy because of examples like the one currently being implemented in Europe. The UK's National Health Services are typically considered a version of universal healthcare. They have few options and minimal use of privatized care.While some European countries like Germany and the Netherlands have a multi-payer healthcare system, others like Switzerland and the Netherlands have a market-based approach. For instance, the system provides government-funded health care for low-income citizens in Germany, while private insurance options are also available for higher-end individuals. (Zieff, G., Kerr, Z. Y., Moore, J. B., & Stoner, L, 2020). Universal Health care policies can succeed if implementation and decision-making support UHC advocates with the deserve attention.
What is your opinion on the European health care system compare to our in the USA?
Greer, S. L., & Méndez, C. A. (2015). Universal Health Coverage: A Political Struggle and Governance Challenge. American journal of public health, 105 Suppl 5(Suppl 5), S637–S639. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2015.302733
Zieff, G., Kerr, Z. Y., Moore, J. B., & Stoner, L. (2020). Universal Healthcare in the United
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